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The Baha'i Gardens, Akko (Acre), Israel.

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Akko (Acre) is a towns in northern Israel, which borders in its south with the northern shores of Akko's Bay and to the West - the Mediterranean.
Akko is one of the oldest port towns in the world, its history documentation begins in the Early Bronze Age.
For many years, the town was the key to the occupation of Israel by foreign forces.
Its location on the broad coastal strip makes it possible for convenient access through it and into the Galilee inland.
Akko had its ups and downs during history and changed hands many times.
Akko reached its peak when served as the capital of the Crusaders Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 13th century and much later under the rule the Ottoman leader Ahmed al-Jazzar in the late 18th century.
Since the 19th century the town's importance diminished relative to Haifa, which became the main port city of the north.

IN 2001 Old Akko was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Seven years later, in 2008, UNESCO declared the Bahai holy places in Haifa and AKKO Another World Heritage Site, which some of them, including the most holy place of Bahai religion - Al Bahg'h, located in Akko. The towm is the only site in Israel appears in two different announcements on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO



THE JEWS IN AKKO

At the end of the Second Temple period (1st century BCE and 1st century CE) many Jews were already living in the town.

After the outbreak of the Great Jewish Revolt in 66 CE against the Romans, Gessius Florus carried out a terrible massacre the Jews of Akko, while he was aided by the Hellenist Syrians who lived in the town.

Akko port used by the Roman troops during the Great Revolt, to which Vespasian and his army arrived, and then organized for the occupation of the Galilee.
In the period following the destruction of Jews’ rule of Israel by the Romans, Jews kept settling in the town, and it is mentioned several times in the Talmud.

During the Crusaders’ rule in the 12th and 13th centuries CE, an important Jewish community developed in the town.

Must skip about 6 centuries since it will be too long...
After the Ottomans rule and as the result of the British victory over the Ottomans/Turks in WW1, and after 30 years of the British Mandate over Israel, and according to the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine of Nov. 29. 1947, Akko was to be included in the Arab state that was to be established.
Since Arab leaders in Israel rejected totally the partition plan and started the war on the Jewish community with the help of troops from neighboring Arab countries, the war of Independence broke out and Akko was captured by the Israeli forces.

Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the town is one of the Israeli towns where Jews and Arabs live together in coexistence.
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Elin

Thank you very much Nan for another interesting chapter from your book. Keep on keeping on!

Elin

Hi connie,
Of course it is a Jacaranda. You can see the purple bunches of flowers on the end of the branches.
Israel is full with Jacarandas. Nowadays, you can see the small green fruit. It will get bigger, then will dry and will open and the seeds will go with the wind. After all, tomorrow is another day.

nanlein

I would bet on Jacaranda. I remember them in profusion at some old Roman baths (hot sulfur springs) near the Jordan border. The Israelis had restored part of the bath complex so that there was a large 'pool' under cover with seating along the edges and you could walk or swim out into the open air. Our Russian friend Lena - after having married an American exchange student 9 years earlier and been denied permission to leave the USSR - finally got an exit visa. We arranged to have her come to us in Tel Aviv for a month before continuing to the US. I took her on an archaeological dig one morning (this was in December) - she didn't like that. But then we went to the bath house, cleaned up, donned swimsuits and entered the quite warm waters. There was a place outside where you could sit under a small waterfall, which felt really good on our tired shoulder muscles. A light, cold rain began to fall. We tilted our heads back to feel the rain while otherwise submerged in hot water. Then we went into the 'room' where I had stashed champagne, strawberries and chocolates. It was a magical day! Thanks for triggering more memories, Connie and Elin. Connie, the only thing worse than old age is not being here to struggle with it! Keep on keepin' on. Nan

These are very elaborate grounds. And pretty. I was looking at the tree in the inner courtyard on the left. I think I see purple blooms on it. Is that a Jacaranda tree, or do you know? I still don't have mine in the ground. I can't dig the hole and I haven't been able to get Rick to do it. It still looks good. I'm petting it on the back patio. Actually, I picked a place in the front yard for it and we started digging. We got about half the depth dug, and ran across a large tree root. We filled the hole and decided to find another location. Which we haven't done yet. I don't advise old age to folks. It's hard to do things I used to be able to do standing on my head. So, I just sit and look at it. I don't get much done, but a bird will fly by once in a while and make it all worthwhile. Thanks, Elin for the photos and history. connie

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