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The hole-in-the-rock is the most prominent icon in Papago Park and carries evidence that the prehistoric Hohokam Indians settled this area thousands of years ago. The red butte was created 6 to 15 million years ago and naturally formed with a series of openings caused by erosion. The openings and "chamber" (hole) near the butte's summit are easily accessed from the rear via a smooth, but somewhat steep path. Those that trek to the chamber hole-in-the-rock are rewarded with great views across the city.
The ancient Hohokam People noticed that a hole in the ceiling in the chamber creates a ray of light that changes positions on the chamber's floor during the year depending upon seasonal movements of the sun. They marked the occurrence of the summer solstice by grinding a bedrock "metate slick" at the location where the ray of light falls during the day at noontime. The winter solstice is marked by the ray of light interaction with a natural seam in the bedrock. They also marked the equinoxes, the seasonal halfway point between the summer and winter solstices with a bedrock metate slick. The boulders near the hole-in-the-rock appear to provide other solstice and equinox markers. This is evidence of the cultural accomplishments of the ancient Hohokam people.

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Toto

Looks to be a great place for a hike, Lyndee. Is that an obelisk at the crest of the hill?

lyndee

Thanks everyone for your comments. It does make posting more interesting.

COden

Good photo and as always, like your history of these places.

SunnyBarb25

Great history info and the photo is wonderful too, thanks Lyndee :)

jan42ful

That is fascinating history for us Lyndee, amazing and what a fabulous place too. Hugs.

Gladstone

Show us the way!

morris186

YES!!! Lead on lyndee!!!

pumpkinhead

YES!!!! Haven't been on a real hike in MONTHS, and this looks to be a great one!! Lead on, fearless leader!