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DRESS TARTANS 4

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Gordons, Grahams, Hannay, Hawick, Highfield and Highland tartans in this evening's dress tartan designs. Clan Graham (Greumaich nan Ceart is a Scottish clan who had territories in both the Scottish Highlands and Lowlands. There is a tradition that the first Graham was one Greme who broke the Roman Antonine Wall driving the Roman legions out of Scotland. However the likely origin is that the chiefs of Clan Graham were of Anglo-Norman origin. The Manor of Gregham is recorded in William the Conqueror's Domesday Book. When David I claimed the throne of Scotland, Graham was one of the knights who accompanied him. Sir William de Graham was present at the erection of Holyrood Abbey, witnessing its foundation charter.

The first lands that the chiefs of Clan Graham appear to have held were around Dalkeith in Midlothian. Sir Nicholas de Graham attended the Parliament of 1290 where the Treaty of Birgham was signed. The Clan Graham fought at the Battle of Dunbar in 1296 where Sir Patrick de Graham of Kincardine was the only man of all the Scots not to retreat and instead fought to the death.[7]

Sir John de Graham, was a friend and follower of William Wallace. Sir John de Graham is regarded as hero for rescuing Wallace at Queensbury. Sir John de Graham was regarded as Wallace's right-hand man and Wallace was at his side when Graham was killed in 1298 at the Battle of Falkirk. John de Graham's name is still perpetuated in the district of Grahamston. The grave of Sir John de Graham in Falkirk churchyard is still to be seen, with table stones of three successive periods above it. One great two-handed sword of Sir John the Graham is preserved at Buchanan Castle by the Duke of Montrose. Another was long in possession of the Grahams of Orchil and is now treasured by the Freemason Lodge at Auchterarder.

The Clan Graham fought at the Battle of Sauchieburn led by the third Lord Graham. The battle was fought on 11 June 1488, at the side of Sauchie Burn, a brook about two miles south of Stirling, Scotland. In 1504 Lord Graham, on account of his gallantry was made Earl of Montrose. He would go on to lead part of the Scottish Vanguard against the English at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, part of the Anglo-Scottish Wars where he was slain. The Clan Graham took no side in the Jacobite Uprisings and remained neutral throughout. Highlanders can thank James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose for the repeal in 1782 of the Dress Act 1746 prohibiting the wearing of highland dress. He persuaded Parliament to remove the law forbidding Scots to wear their tartan.

Row 1: Gordon Dress #3; Gordon Dress #4; Gordon Dress #5; Gordon Dress (F.Schumacher); Gordon Dress (MacGregor-Hastie); Gordon Dress (Original);
Row 2: Graham Dress; Graham, Red Dress; Grey Watch Dress (1989); Grey Watch, Dress; Guzzo Dress (Montreal, Canada) (Personal); Hannay Dress
Row 3: Harkness Dress; Harmon Dress; Hawick Dress; Hawks, Robert Dress (Personal); Hay, White Dress; Haymarket Dress (Dance)
Row 4: Heil, Rüdiger Dress (Personal); Henderson Dress #1; Highfield Dress; Highland Spring Dress (2004); Highlands of Haliburton Dress; Hogg Dress

The Highlands (Scots: the Hielands; Scottish Gaelic: a’ Ghàidhealtachd 'the place of the Gaels') is a historic region of Scotland. Culturally, the Highlands and the Lowlands diverged from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands. The term is also used for the area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, although the exact boundaries are not clearly defined, particularly to the east. The Great Glen divides the Grampian Mountains to the southeast from the Northwest Highlands. The Scottish Gaelic name of A' Ghàidhealtachd traditionally, from a Gaelic-speaking point of view, includes both the Western Isles and the Highlands.

Historically, the major social unit of the Highlands was the clan. Scottish kings, particularly James VI, saw clans as a challenge to their authority; the Highlands was seen by many as a lawless region. The Scots of the Lowlands viewed the Highlanders as backwards and more "Irish". The Highlands were seen as the overspill of Gaelic Ireland. They made this distinction by separating Germanic "Scots" English and the Gaelic by renaming it "Erse" a play on Eire.

Following the Jacobite rising of 1745 the British government enacted a series of laws to try to suppress the clan system, including bans on the bearing of arms and the wearing of tartan, and limitations on the activities of the Scottish Episcopal Church. Most of this legislation was repealed by the end of the 18th century as the Jacobite threat subsided. There was soon a rehabilitation of Highland culture. Tartan was adopted for Highland regiments in the British Army, which poor Highlanders joined in large numbers in the era of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1790–1815). Tartan had largely been abandoned by the ordinary people of the region, but in the 1820s, tartan and the kilt were adopted by members of the social elite, not just in Scotland, but across Europe.

The international craze for tartan, and for idealising a romanticised Highlands, was set off by the Ossian cycle, and further popularised by the works of Walter Scott. His "staging" of the visit of King George IV to Scotland in 1822 and the king's wearing of tartan resulted in a massive upsurge in demand for kilts and tartans that could not be met by the Scottish woollen industry. Individual clan tartans were largely designated in this period and they became a major symbol of Scottish identity. This "Highlandism", by which all of Scotland was identified with the culture of the Highlands, was cemented by Queen Victoria's interest in the country, her adoption of Balmoral as a major royal retreat, and her interest in "tartenry".

Information from Wikipedia
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Woodowly

Hallo all my dear friends. I hope I am back for good but after the past six or so months I cannot promise anuthing. Between my personal laptop, my work laptop, Chris's laptop, his phone, my phone, our modem(s), internet access, and loadshedding, interspersed with thunderstorms destroying our power connections for 24 - 48 hours at a time, it's been a very challenging time. I will write it all up and post a puzzle for you. Much love to all. Jayne

I always look for puzzles by JAYNE and have been thinking of you and praying that all is well. Sorry to hear that life has had its challenges recently. Looking forward to more puzzles when you are able.

sparklightie

@Woodowly Please drop us - Your friends a line - we just want to know that you are okay ♥♥♥♥ sending loving hugs

@JessL69 Yes they do!!!!!

JessL69

@janit Aha! So I see she was on today! YAY 💖 The Jayne fanclub rejoiceth!

@judino, Judy you are very welcome!! Jane

@janit, Thank you Jane, you have been so nice! Judy

@judino Woodowly was on jigidi today. If you go to her profile you will see she was hear today.

@janit, I hope you are right but what am I missing? I will be so happy to have Jayne return!!! Judy

Welcome back!!!! You were missed!!!!!! Jane

brightspark

@Woodowly

brightspark

WELCOME BACK MY DEAR FRIEND - I have missed you so and So so happy to see you back with us ♥♥♥ hope youare well ♥♥♥♥♥ @woodowl

@judino What a wonderful idea. I will have to look at my completed puzzles to find her comments as well. Jane

@janit Thanks for letting me know the tag worked! I think I have many of Jayne's writings in my saved puzzles, so once we hear from her I will try to help recover some of her wonderful stories. My husband will help me so I don't delete the lot! Judy

@judino I got the tag and I saw it as well. Yes, it is and I am afraid that with her health both physical and mental that the loss of her computer files might have more of a negative impact than we know.

@janit Thank you so much for the tag, Janit. I'm not great with computers, so I tried to tag you but I don't think it worked! But I do think you will be notified that I posted here. The news of Jayne is basically reassuring, except for her continuing health problems and the loss of 15 years of computer history, with her absolutely wonderful writings...a loss to us all. It's very moving to see how many of us care! Judy

@judino Look at the comments from the 247 piece puzzle of this same pattern.

Dear Jayne, I've been hoping all is well and that your retirement is now settled. Please let your Jigidi family know you are all right, dear friend. You matter to so many of us. Best wishes, Judy

cehewson

I love your puzzles and have missed seeing your productions. I hope and pray that you are well and enjoying a much needed rest with your busy life and schedule. Take care my dear. ~Catherine

brightspark

@Woodowly I am missing you my dear friend and am praying all is well with you xx hugs and hearts ♥♥♥♥

brightspark

@Woodowly - hope and praying all is well with you xx sending hugs and xxxxxxxxxxxxx's ♥♥♥ @woodowl

JessL69

Where's our dear Jayne? ❤

sallysfotos

Missing you. Hope all is well.

I miss your wonderful compositions of fabric! I started working them to avoid buying fabric. Thanks so much. I hope you are okay.

Pandadog123

Have enjoyed all the tartans and all y0ur puzzles. Thanks Woodowly but where is woodowl these days?

JessL69

owl2

frandancer, I thought they were dark too but as you join the patterns the light comes through. makes it really good fun. :) Have a go :) :)

frandancer

I love tartans, but these are so dark I don't even try to solve them. 😥

owl2

Gosh this is interesting. Thanks for the ongoing history lessons. :) :)

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