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It is a very old stronghold. Wikipedia: It was built by the Romans and later on used by Spanish lords. In 1092, the castle fell into the occupation of the (Moorish / North African) Almoravid Dynasty who were expelled in an uprising that took place in 1145. During this uprising, the castle was besieged by the Governor of Valencia, Marwan Abd-al-Aziz (Moorish). In 1171, the Castle finally fell, along with the rest of the Levante coast, into the hands of the Almohads. King James I of Aragon began his crusade there in the summer of 1239, finally capturing Xátiva on 22 May 1244, following a five-month siege. After submitting to the Christian monarch and signing the Treaty of Jativa the Moors handed over the smaller nearby Castle to James I, while they were allowed to continue occupying the larger castle for another two years based on the terms of the treaty. It has been partly rebuilt / restored during the last 15 years and now is a wonderfull place to walk and has a wonderfull view, overlooking Xativa and it's surroundings.
That's what castles were designed for. The Lords who lived there guarded the countryside around them from the fortress and they always had a dungeon to keep the prisoners in.
Awesome building...looks like an old fort of some kind guarding the castle.